Types of short term birth control methods

Woman holding a vaginal ring

There are many different types of birth control that have varied effects on your body, and it can be difficult to choose which is best for you. Here are some of the most common short term birth control methods and how they differ from one another!


Condoms provide a physical barrier so that sperm cannot reach the egg. Male condoms prevent pregnancy 98% of the time and female condoms that are inserted into the vagina prevent pregnancy 95% of the time. Condoms are affordable and non-hormonal, which makes them appealing to many. While latex and plastic condoms protect against STDs, lambskin condoms do not.

Progesterone-Only Pill

Often known as “the mini pill”, this pill regulates progesterone levels to prevent ovulation. It is recommended for women who are breastfeeding, and when women are done breastfeeding, it might be best to consult your doctor about alternative forms of birth control.

Birth Control Pill

The pill is one of the most common forms of birth control and women take the pill each day as it releases hormones to prevent ovulation and thicken the mucus of the cervix to prevent sperm from entering. The 99% effective method also thins the lining of the uterus, making it difficult for an egg to implant into the uterus. Birth control pills can also reduce cramping and allow women to have a lighter flow during their periods. Other forms of hormonal birth control include the patch and the shot. However, because they change hormonal balance, it can be difficult to get off the pill and you may face some unintended side effects. Keep an eye out for our post on Thursday that will explain birth control side effects in more detail!Birth control methods

Birth Control shot

The birth control shot releases progestin, which prevents ovulation to decrease chances of pregnancy by 99%. It must be taken every 3 months to ensure it works properly.

Vaginal Ring

Also called the NuvaRing, this ring can be inserted inside your vagina once a month and the present hormones estrogen and progestin are absorbed into your body, working to stop ovulation. The ring must be replaced once a month and is said to have 99% effectiveness.


Tune in tomorrow to learn about long term birth control methods!


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