Hormone Dictionary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Adrenal Glands | Gland

The adrenal gland produces androgen and cortisol. It helps to control blood sugar and much more. Learn how the hormones produced by this gland affect many aspects of genetics and it's role in the endocrine system.

Adrenaline | Hormone

Adrenaline is a hormone released into the body of someone feeling extreme emotions, which causes the person to have more energy. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) | Hormone

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is a hormone that plays an important role by stimulating the production of cortisol. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Aldosterone | Hormone

Aldosterone plays an important role in cardiovascular health and can be a cause of endocrine hypertension. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Angiotensin | Hormone

Angiotensin is a common name for four hormones and play an important role in blood pressure regulation. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) | Hormone

Women are born with their lifetime supply of eggs but these decrease with age. Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) acts as the gatekeeper for fertility and reproductive development. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Calcitonin | Hormone

Calcitonin is one of the most critical hormones, controlling calcium and potassium levels. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Cholecystokinin | Hormone

Cholecystokinin is most recognized for improving digestion. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Cortisol | Hormone

Cortisol is often called the "stress hormone." Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) | Hormone

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is an important precursor hormone. It has little biological effect on its own but has powerful effects when converted into other hormones used for reproduction. Learn what happens if you have too much or too little of this hormone.

Dihydrotestosterone | Hormone

Dihydrotestosterone is a hormone that stimulates the development of male characteristics. The amount of dihydrotestosterone present in the body from day to day depends on the amount of testosterone present. Learn what happens if there is too much or too little of this hormone.

Endocrine-related Organs | Gland

Several organs play a major role in helping the endocrine system to work well. Although these organs are not glands themselves, they do produce, store, and send out hormones that help the body to function properly and maintain a healthy balance.

Erythropoietin | Hormone

Erythropoietin support the production of red blood cells. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Estradiol | Hormone

Estradiol is the strongest of the three estrogens and an important player in the female reproductive system and the most common type for women of childbearing age. Learn more about what happens if there is too much or too little of this hormone.

Estriol | Hormone

Estriol is an estrogen hormone a minor female sex hormone. It promotes the uterus’ growth and gradually prepares a woman’s body for giving birth. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Estrogen | Hormone

Estrogen is one of two main sex hormones that women have. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Estrone | Hormone

Estrone is one of the three types of estrogens and the only estrogen your body makes after menopause-when menstrual periods stop. Learn more about what happens if there is too much or too little of this hormone.

Gastrin | Hormone

Gastrin is directly responsible for the release of gastric acid, which breaks down the proteins in the food you eat. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Ghrelin | Hormone

Ghrelin is an important digestive hormone that controls appetite. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Glucagon | Hormone

Glucagon, a peptide hormone, is produced by the pancreas to regulate glucose in the bloodstream. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Glucagon Like Peptide 1 | Hormone

Glucagon-like Peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a hormone produced in the small intestine that stimulates insulin production and prevents glucagon production, thereby lowering blood sugar. Learn what happens if there is too much or too little of this hormone.

Gonadotrophin-Releasing Hormone | Hormone

Gonadotrophin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) secrete improtant reproductive hormones such as luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Growth Hormone | Hormone

Growth hormone (GH) is a substance that controls your body’s growth. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Hormone (HcG) | Hormone

Ever wonder how are at-home pregnancy tests able to detect if you are pregnant? The Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HcG) hormone is important in the early stages of pregnancy. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Hypothalamus | Gland

The hypothalamus is in control of pituitary hormones. Learn how the hormones produced by this gland affect many aspects of genetics and it's role in the endocrine system.

Insulin | Hormone

The hormone insulin is essential for life, regulates many metabolic processes that provide cells with needed energy. Understanding insulin, what insulin does, and how it affects the body, is important to your overall health.

Kisspeptin | Hormone

Kisspeptin is made in the hypothalamus, is an important hormone that starts the release of several other hormones. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Leptin | Hormone

Leptin is a hormone that is crucial to appetite and weight control. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Luteinizing Hormone LH | Hormone

Luteinizing hormone (LH) controls male and female reproductive systems. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH) | Hormone

Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH) is essential for preserving the skin from ultraviolet rays, the development of pigmentation, and controlling appetite. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Melatonin | Hormone

Melatonin is a hormone that regulates our sleep and wake cycle and is sometimes used as a supplement. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Norepinephrine | Hormone

Norepinephrine is a hormone and a neurotransmitter that increases heart rate and blood pressure, breaks down fat, and more. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Ovaries | Gland

The ovaries play an important role in female reproduction and development. Learn how the hormones produced by this gland affect many aspects of genetics and it's role in the endocrine system.

Oxytocin | Hormone

Oxytocin is a hormone crucial for childbirth and labor, breastfeeding, and social behaviors and bonding. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Pancreas | Gland

The main function of the pancreas is to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. Learn how the hormones produced by this gland affect many aspects of genetics and it's role in the endocrine system.

Parathyroid | Gland

The parathyroid is important in bone development. Learn how the hormones produced by this gland affect many aspects of genetics and it's role in the endocrine system.

Parathyroid Hormone | Hormone

The parathyroid hormone affects your calcium levels in the bones, intestines and kidneys. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Peptide YY | Hormone

How is your body able to recognize when you have eaten enough food? After eating, the hormone peptide YY (PYY) is produced by the small intestine and released into your bloodstream. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Pineal Gland | Gland

The pineal gland and its importance for your sleep cycle. Learn how the hormones produced by this gland affect many aspects of genetics and it's role in the endocrine system.

Pituitary Gland | Gland

Find out why the pituitary gland is vital to your overall well-being. Learn how the hormones produced by this gland affect many aspects of genetics and it's role in the endocrine system.

Progesterone | Hormone

Progesterone is a female hormone that regulates the menstrual cycle and is crucial for pregnancy. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Prolactin | Hormone

Prolactin, or luteotropin, is the hormone that helps mammals produce milk. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Prostaglandins | Hormone

Prostaglandins are lipids that aid in recovery at sites of tissue damage or infection. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Relaxin | Hormone

When a woman is ready to deliver a baby her body produces the hormone relaxin. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Serotonin | Hormone

Have you ever wondered what hormone is responsible for your mood and feelings? Serotonin is the key hormone that stabilizes our mood, feelings of well-being, and happiness. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Somatostatin | Hormone

Somatostatin is also called SS, SST or SOM. This growth hormone inhibitory hormone affects several areas of the body by hindering the secretion of other hormones. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Testes | Gland

The testes play an important role in male development. Learn how the hormones produced by this gland affect many aspects of genetics and it's role in the endocrine system.

Testosterone | Hormone

Testosterone is an important male sex hormone. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Thymus | Gland

Thymus plays an important role during puberty. Learn how the hormones produced by this gland affect many aspects of genetics and it's role in the endocrine system.

Thyroid | Gland

The thyroid gland controls a person's metabolism and the hormones it releases governs many functions in the body.

Thyroid Hormones | Hormone

The thyroid gland releases triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones play an important role in regulation of your weight, energy levels, internal temperature, skin, hair, nail growth, and more. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Thyroxine | Hormone

Thyroxine aids in digestion, heart and muscle function, brain development, and bone maintenance. Learn how this hormone affects many aspects of your health and how to keep it in balance.

Vitamin D | Hormone

Vitamin D is a hormone that promotes calcium absorption and bone growth. Learn more about vitamin D and how it affects bone health from the experts at hormone.org.