Some studies have shown that more than 90% of menstruating women have experienced PMS sometime during their life. So how does this prevalent condition arise and what are the symptoms of it? Keep reading to find out!
Causes of PMS
While the cause of PMS is unknown, many attribute it to hormonal changes that occur during menstruation. The variation in estrogen, progesterone, and serotonin levels could induce side effects that disturb your physical, emotional, and mental health. Symptoms usually begin around a week before menstruation and stop around the time you get your period. If you have a history of mental illness such as depression and anxiety, or have family history surrounding PMS, you may be more predisposed to experience PMS symptoms in your life. Undergoing trauma, substance abuse, or violence could also increase your chances of experiencing PMS.
Symptoms of PMS
Most women have mild to moderate PMS symptoms, but 20-32% report more severe symptoms that impact their daily lives. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, sore breasts, acne, constipation, headaches, anxiety, depression, and irritability. If you face any of these symptoms regularly and feel it is impacting your daily lifestyle, it may be best to consult a doctor on whether treatment is right for you. Journaling and tracking your symptoms is a great way to understand and analyze your experiences!
PMS is different for each and every woman, so we advise that you speak to your physician on the best choices for you and your body.
Information credit: @healthline